Usb uart driver

Aug 08, 2019 · Thank you for your answer. It seems that if I select the windows driver, no USB to UART shows up on the device manager, however, all works perfectly fine! What I do find weird, is that the default windows driver is not (always) automatically detected as compatible driver. Mar 26, 2020 · Release Date: NEW 2009 Drivers Version: XP/Vista and 64-Bit OS PL-2303 USB to Serial Bridge (H, HX, X) Installshield Driver Setup Program v3.3.3.114 for Windows Vista and Server 2008 (32-bit and 64-bit) v2.0.5.111 for Windows 2K/XP/2003 (32-bit) for Prolific USB VID_067B&PID_2303 Only. DriverInstaller v20019v2021 Release Date: 2005/8/11 When connecting an FTDI FT232R-based device such as a classic official Arduino Nano to a Windows computer, it may show as a generic "FT232R USB UART" device with a warning sign in the Device Manager. The problem can be solved by downloading and installing the latest FTDI driver. Do you want to report an error in this article?The MCP2221 is a USB-to-UART/I2C serial converter which enables USB connectivity in applications that have a UART and I2C interfaces. The device reduces external components by integrating the USB termination resistors and the oscillator needed for USB operation. The MCP2221 also has four GP pins providing miscellaneous functionalities (GPIO ... Installation of CP210x USB to UART Bridge drivers in Device ManagerFacebook Pagehttps://www.facebook.com/gagansblogThe CP2104 UART to UART Bridge provides a complete plug and play interface solution that includes royalty-free drivers. This USB 2.0 compliant device includes 4 digital I/O pins and is availble in a 4x4 mm QFN24 package. Download USB to UART Bridge VCP Drivers >. The CP210x USB to UART Bridge Virtual COM Port (VCP) drivers are required for device operation as a Virtual COM Port to facilitate host communication with CP210x products. These devices can also interface to a host using the direct access driver. DALY USB to UART driver. Thread starter BajanAlan; Start date Aug 23, 2021; B. BajanAlan New Member. Joined Aug 22, 2021 Messages 5. ... Is the Overkill UART USB module compatible with the JBD 200a BMS UART Port? OTRwSolar; Mar 10, 2022; BMS (Battery Managment Systems) Replies 1 Views 383. Mar 11, 2022.Microsoft-provided in-box driver ( Usbser.sys) for your communications and CDC control device. In Windows 10, the driver was rewritten using the Kernel-Mode Driver Framework, improving the overall stability of the driver. Improved Plug and Play and power management by the driver. Added power management features such as USB Selective Suspend.1. Extract the .cab file to a folder of your choice 2. Go to Device Manager (right click on My Computer, choose Manage and then find Device Manager in the left panel), or right click on Start Menu...To download CP2104 USB TO UART BRIDGE CONTROLLER DRIVER, click on the Download button. Apr 24, 2017 Download the driver file and extract it to your hard driver where you can find it. FT232R USB UART Driver Download. Collapse the Ports menu and now click on the USB controller at the bottom of the list. Now you need to uninstall the existing USB ... The PL2303GS is a low cost and high performance USB-to-Serial Bridge Controller. The PL2303GS provides a convenient small-factor solution for connecting an RS232-like full-duplex asynchronous serial device to any USB host. Prolific provides highly compatible drivers that could simulate the traditional COM port on most operating systems allowing ... Now I'v installed another vivado2016.2 on the Win7 OS.During the installation of vivado,if you click the related option,it would install the JTAG driver. As for the Cypress USB-UART driver for Windows,we can download the driver program on the official website.Now I could do the rest of development in the Win7 OS.1. Extract the .cab file to a folder of your choice 2. Go to Device Manager (right click on My Computer, choose Manage and then find Device Manager in the left panel), or right click on Start Menu...I recently got the new MacBook Pro with M1 Pro chip and installed the Windows 11 ARM on the latest parallels. I can use every hardware of my Mac and everything i plug into the laptop except for the USB Serial adapter. I tried different adapters with different chips like Prolific and FTDI, and none seem to work.Go to the CP210x USB to UART Bridge VCP Drivers page and select the driver for your version of Windows. For Windows 7 and 10 download from the Download VCP link as shown highlighted by a red dot below. CP2102 Driver Download Install CP2102 Driver . Extract the contents of the downloaded zipped driver file and copy the contents to a folder on.Overview. SEL USB to UART Bridge Controller is a Shareware software in the category Miscellaneous developed by SEL USB to UART Bridge Controller. The latest version of SEL USB to UART Bridge Controller is currently unknown. It was initially added to our database on 09/22/2012. SEL USB to UART Bridge Controller runs on the following operating ...Go to the CP210x USB to UART Bridge VCP Drivers page and select the driver for your version of Windows. For Windows 7 and 10 download from the Download VCP link as shown highlighted by a red dot below. CP2102 Driver Download Install CP2102 Driver . Extract the contents of the downloaded zipped driver file and copy the contents to a folder on.Mar 26, 2020 · Release Date: NEW 2009 Drivers Version: XP/Vista and 64-Bit OS PL-2303 USB to Serial Bridge (H, HX, X) Installshield Driver Setup Program v3.3.3.114 for Windows Vista and Server 2008 (32-bit and 64-bit) v2.0.5.111 for Windows 2K/XP/2003 (32-bit) for Prolific USB VID_067B&PID_2303 Only. DriverInstaller v20019v2021 Release Date: 2005/8/11 The MCP2221 is a USB-to-UART/I2C serial converter which enables USB connectivity in applications that have a UART and I2C interfaces. The device reduces external components by integrating the USB termination resistors and the oscillator needed for USB operation. The MCP2221 also has four GP pins providing miscellaneous functionalities (GPIO ... Driver Install. USB To Uart 5V/3V3 is used as USB To Serial Port interface.It need to install driver. Windows/Linux. Totally compatible with serial application program in computer endpoint Windows operation system. 1)You plug it to computer by USB Port. 2)Wait a minute,you can find it in Device Manager.Prolific Technology is a IC design house company and ASIC design service provider for USB Smart I/O (USB to UART, Card Readers, External USB Drive), Intelligent Green Energy Saving, and Mixed-Mode Hall Sensor solutions. ... Fan Driver IC. 5V Fan Driver IC; 12V Fan Driver IC; 24V Fan Driver IC; Pre-Driver IC; Hall Sensor. Switch Type; Latch Type ...Aug 05, 2019 · Install "Microsoft Certified USB UART Driver" I tried We use cookies and similar technologies (also from third parties) to collect your device and browser information for a better understanding on how you use our online offerings. FTDI USB Serial Port driver is the software that helps your operating system to communicate with USB Serial Port devices. Recommended Find the best download for your system Please enter your product details to view the latest driver information for your system Fixes & Enhancements - Initial Release. Version 2.12.24, A00 Release date 22 Aug 2017FT232R USB UART Driver (FTDI chipset) Windows JUMP TO DOWNLOAD By oemadmin Last Updated Wed, 06/09/2021 This driver is for the FT232RUSB to Serial cable (CSI Part# 17394 - Black Cable ). Support is for Windows XP/Vista/7/8/10 32 & 64 bit.Support. The Pmod USBUART provides a USB to UART cross-conversion through the FTDI FT232R. Users may send data in either direction on the Pmod and receive the converted data in the appropriate format. Note: There are two UART signal pin assignment conventions in use on Digilent products. This product uses the new signal assignment convention. When connecting an FTDI FT232R-based device such as a classic official Arduino Nano to a Windows computer, it may show as a generic "FT232R USB UART" device with a warning sign in the Device Manager. The problem can be solved by downloading and installing the latest FTDI driver. Do you want to report an error in this article?CP210x USB to UART Bridge VCP Drivers. The CP210x USB to UART Bridge Virtual COM Port (VCP) drivers are required for device operation as a Virtual COM Port to facilitate host communication with CP210x products. These devices can also interface to a host using the direct access driver. These drivers are static examples detailed in application.The CP2104 UART to UART Bridge provides a complete plug and play interface solution that includes royalty-free drivers. This USB 2.0 compliant device includes 4 digital I/O pins and is availble in a 4x4 mm QFN24 package. Download USB to UART Bridge VCP Drivers >. CP2102 USB-to-Serial Bridge Driver Installation. Click "Continue Anyway". When you have finished the Found New Hardware Wizard, click "Finish". If you now go to your computer's Device Manager and expand the "Ports (COM & LPT)" list, you should see "Pololu USB-to-Serial Adapter" as one of the COM ports.Nov 21, 2017 · File Name: EXAR-XR21V1412-USB-UART-Drvier_45DF4_WIN_2.4.0.0_A00.EXE. File Size: 8.31 MB. Format Description: Dell Update Packages (DUP) in Microsoft Windows 32bit format have been designed to run on Microsoft Windows 64bit Operating Systems. Dell Update Packages (DUP) in Microsoft Windows 64bit format will only run on Microsoft Windows 64bit ... Jun 09, 2021 · FT232R USB UART Driver (FTDI chipset) Windows JUMP TO DOWNLOAD By oemadmin Last Updated Wed, 06/09/2021 This driver is for the FT232RUSB to Serial cable (CSI Part# 17394 - Black Cable ). Support is for Windows XP/Vista/7/8/10 32 & 64 bit. Olimex ESP32-EVB (Rev. B), Olimex ESP32-Gateway. CH340G, CH340C, CH340B, CH340E, and CH340T are for USB to serial UART. For obvious reasons, chips in the CH340 series used for USB to something else other than serial UART have been excluded. (CH340R is for USB to serial IrDA. CH340H and CH340S are for USB to IEEE-1284 parallel printer interface.) MustBob Created on September 28, 2015 USB to UART driver problem Since upgrading to Win 10 from Win7 I can no longer us a Data Acquisition device that uses a USB to UART controller. Nothing has changed hardware wise. Ran fine before the upgrade and still runs fine on my desktop running Win 7. I have already sent an email to the vendor.CH341A is an USB interface chip that can emulate UART communication, standard parallel port, memory parallel port and synchronous serial (I2C, SPI). The chip is manufactured by Chinese company Jiangsu QinHeng Ltd . CH341A is used by some cheap memory programmers. The IC is somehow limited in this configuration, because the programmer makes use ...FTR USB UART - drivers for windows 7 manual installation guide zip FTR USB UART - drivers for windows 7 driver-category list After the launching of microsoft windows 7 using a driver scanner to always keep your drivers up to par, has grown to become. FT232R USB UART DRIVER WINDOWS 7 DOWNLOAD UPDATE.This page shows a list of downloadable files for the Active USB-COM Port Driver of DENSO WAVE’s automatic data capture devices. DENSO WAVE serves as a leader in developing and manufacturing automatic data capture devices for QR codes and IC cards and industrial robots (FA equipment), etc. Oct 09, 2020 · Cp210x usb to uart connection vcp drivers it is definitely the important component of our poIolu usb-to-seriaI adapter. This attaches a pc beds usb slot to the evaluation table and appears like a uárt to the computer. This will help if you set up an wrong or mismatched car owner. Open the gadget manager, now the device will be detailed in some ... Device Drivers ---> USB Support ---> USB Serial Converter Support ---> <M> USB CP210x family of UART Bridge Controllers <M> USB FTDI Single Port Serial Driver (EXPERIMENTAL) And compile (as root). make ARCH=x86_64 make modules_install ARCH=x86_64 modprobe cp210x modprobe ftdi_sio ### open-zwave open-zwave is needed to allow Z-Wave networks ...Support. The Pmod USBUART provides a USB to UART cross-conversion through the FTDI FT232R. Users may send data in either direction on the Pmod and receive the converted data in the appropriate format. Note: There are two UART signal pin assignment conventions in use on Digilent products. This product uses the new signal assignment convention.Mar 20, 2019 · A USB to UART bridge adds a serial port to your computer. To communicate over the UART, you have to read and write to the correct serial port. If you can’t find the correct port, you probably have trouble with drivers or the USB connection to your bridge. Linux. The device is called something like /dev/ttyUSB0. Windows Drivers: • Windows XP, Windows 2K, Windows 98/ME: current drivers are here: v1.4. • Windows 7/8/10, Vista, both 32 and 64-bit: current drivers are here: v2.06.01. Girder Plugin. • USB-UIRT plugin 2.6.9 for Girder version 3.x is available here. Users of Girder 4 or 5 will find the USB-UIRT plugin included as part of the Girder install. Mar 20, 2019 · A USB to UART bridge adds a serial port to your computer. To communicate over the UART, you have to read and write to the correct serial port. If you can’t find the correct port, you probably have trouble with drivers or the USB connection to your bridge. Linux. The device is called something like /dev/ttyUSB0. Nov 21, 2017 · File Name: EXAR-XR21V1412-USB-UART-Drvier_45DF4_WIN_2.4.0.0_A00.EXE. File Size: 8.31 MB. Format Description: Dell Update Packages (DUP) in Microsoft Windows 32bit format have been designed to run on Microsoft Windows 64bit Operating Systems. Dell Update Packages (DUP) in Microsoft Windows 64bit format will only run on Microsoft Windows 64bit ... Sep 13, 2021 · Then go to device manager by pressing Windows +X. under Other devices detect the connected device. All you have to do is right-click on it and select Update Driver Software. Then Windows will search from the internet for available driver and install it. So, that’s the simple and easy method to install the FT232R USB UART driver on your ... FT232 USB UART Driver Using Arduino Installation & Troubleshooting system October 5, 2011, 12:05pm #1 Okay, so I finally went in and plugged my new arduino in my computer to find it flashind the message.."Device driver FT232 USB UART Driver not installed successfully" which was a nightmare literally.The PL2303GC is a low cost and high performance USB-to-Serial Bridge Controller. The PL2303GC provides a convenient small-factor solution for connecting an RS232-like full-duplex asynchronous serial device to any USB host. Prolific provides highly compatible drivers that could simulate the traditional COM port on most operating systems allowing the existing applications based on COM port to ...Option 1: Download and install the FT232R USB UART driver manually FTDI keeps updating drivers. To get them, you need to go to the official FTDI website, find the drivers corresponding with your specific flavor of Windows version (for example, Windows 64 bit) and download the driver manually.Aug 08, 2019 · Thank you for your answer. It seems that if I select the windows driver, no USB to UART shows up on the device manager, however, all works perfectly fine! What I do find weird, is that the default windows driver is not (always) automatically detected as compatible driver. Feb 22, 2015 · I have recently tried to install my USB to DMX Converter which is a FT232R USB UART converter. I have installed the driver from the FTDI chip website and this installs fine and windows says it is installed. However when I plug in my converter the driver is not found and it appears with an exclamation mark next to the device in the Device Manager... The CP210x USB to UART Bridge Virtual COM Port (VCP) drivers are required for device operation as a Virtual COM Port to facilitate host communication with CP210x products. These devices can also interface to a host using the direct access driver.Driver Install. USB To Uart 5V/3V3 is used as USB To Serial Port interface.It need to install driver. Windows/Linux. Totally compatible with serial application program in computer endpoint Windows operation system. 1)You plug it to computer by USB Port. 2)Wait a minute,you can find it in Device Manager. Below you can download ft231x usb uart windows 10 driver for Windows. File name: ft231x-usb-uart-win10.exe Version: 1.159 File size: 32599 MB Upload source: original install disk Antivirus software passed: McAfee ver. 1.82 Ft231X Usb Uart Driver Windows 10 (click above to download) Top.Now I'v installed another vivado2016.2 on the Win7 OS.During the installation of vivado,if you click the related option,it would install the JTAG driver. As for the Cypress USB-UART driver for Windows,we can download the driver program on the official website.Now I could do the rest of development in the Win7 OS.In addition, it is the primary interface to many other devices, such as GPS receivers. RS232 UART. The TM4C1294 Connected LaunchPad Evaluation Kit is a low-cost development platform for ARM® Cortex-M4F-based microcontrollers. This example uses UART driver to detect the baud rate from a PC connected to the EZ-Kit "USB to UART" connector.USB to UART Driver for Eagle Firmware Version 2.xxx It is recommended to download them to your “Downloads” folder. Unzip this file using any unzip utility of choice, e.g. Winzip or 7-zip to Downloads\USB to UART Driver for Eagle Firmware Version 2.xxx For the pictures in this instruction sheet, the Windows XP steps, the folder that they were Cannot Install Ft232r Usb Uart Driver Step 2: You first need to uninstall the incorrect drivers on your computer. In Windows, go to Control Panel then to Device Manager Now press the delete button on your computer and it will ask for confirmation. Collapse the Ports menu and now click on the USB controller at the bottom of the list.The PL2303GC is a low cost and high performance USB-to-Serial Bridge Controller. The PL2303GC provides a convenient small-factor solution for connecting an RS232-like full-duplex asynchronous serial device to any USB host. Prolific provides highly compatible drivers that could simulate the traditional COM port on most operating systems allowing the existing applications based on COM port to ...This link will take you directly to the driver download page. The source of the USB-UART bridge drivers for the CP210x chips is Silicon Labs. This driver is available for a variety of operating systems. Download the one for your operating system and install it. Most likely, you will need to restart your operating system.Mar 26, 2020 · Release Date: NEW 2009 Drivers Version: XP/Vista and 64-Bit OS PL-2303 USB to Serial Bridge (H, HX, X) Installshield Driver Setup Program v3.3.3.114 for Windows Vista and Server 2008 (32-bit and 64-bit) v2.0.5.111 for Windows 2K/XP/2003 (32-bit) for Prolific USB VID_067B&PID_2303 Only. DriverInstaller v20019v2021 Release Date: 2005/8/11 Mar 18, 2022 · Microsoft-provided in-box driver ( Usbser.sys) for your communications and CDC control device. In Windows 10, the driver was rewritten using the Kernel-Mode Driver Framework, improving the overall stability of the driver. Improved Plug and Play and power management by the driver. Added power management features such as USB Selective Suspend. Installation of CP210x USB to UART Bridge drivers in Device ManagerFacebook Pagehttps://www.facebook.com/gagansblogNov 21, 2017 · File Name: EXAR-XR21V1412-USB-UART-Drvier_45DF4_WIN_2.4.0.0_A00.EXE. File Size: 8.31 MB. Format Description: Dell Update Packages (DUP) in Microsoft Windows 32bit format have been designed to run on Microsoft Windows 64bit Operating Systems. Dell Update Packages (DUP) in Microsoft Windows 64bit format will only run on Microsoft Windows 64bit ... Mar 26, 2020 · Release Date: NEW 2009 Drivers Version: XP/Vista and 64-Bit OS PL-2303 USB to Serial Bridge (H, HX, X) Installshield Driver Setup Program v3.3.3.114 for Windows Vista and Server 2008 (32-bit and 64-bit) v2.0.5.111 for Windows 2K/XP/2003 (32-bit) for Prolific USB VID_067B&PID_2303 Only. DriverInstaller v20019v2021 Release Date: 2005/8/11 CP210x USB to UART Bridge driver for Windows 10. I am using the latest Beta version (as of July 18, 2015) of Windows 10. I am using v6.6.1 and noticed that v6.7 is out but it appears to address only some minor "tweaks". I have an ICOM IC-7410 radio.Mar 20, 2019 · A USB to UART bridge adds a serial port to your computer. To communicate over the UART, you have to read and write to the correct serial port. If you can’t find the correct port, you probably have trouble with drivers or the USB connection to your bridge. Linux. The device is called something like /dev/ttyUSB0. This page shows a list of downloadable files for the Active USB-COM Port Driver of DENSO WAVE’s automatic data capture devices. DENSO WAVE serves as a leader in developing and manufacturing automatic data capture devices for QR codes and IC cards and industrial robots (FA equipment), etc. Prolific Technology is a IC design house company and ASIC design service provider for USB Smart I/O (USB to UART, Card Readers, External USB Drive), Intelligent Green Energy Saving, and Mixed-Mode Hall Sensor solutions. ... Fan Driver IC. 5V Fan Driver IC; 12V Fan Driver IC; 24V Fan Driver IC; Pre-Driver IC; Hall Sensor. Switch Type; Latch Type ...FT232R - USB UART IC The FT232R is the latest device to be added to FTDI's range of USB UART interface Integrated Circuit Devices. The FT232R is a USB to serial UART interface with optional clock generator output, and the new FTDIChip-ID™ security dongle feature. In addition, asynchronous and synchronous bit bang interface modes are available.Verifone USB UART driver. Go to Device Manager. Double-click on Ports (COM & LPT1).In the following picture you should see the USB Serial Com Port (COM4) under the Ports. This also means that the Device Manager has assigned the adapter to COM4 port.Note: The COM port assignment of the USB to Serial adapter varies on your PC hardware configuration.USB to UART Driver for Eagle Firmware Version 2.xxx It is recommended to download them to your “Downloads” folder. Unzip this file using any unzip utility of choice, e.g. Winzip or 7-zip to Downloads\USB to UART Driver for Eagle Firmware Version 2.xxx For the pictures in this instruction sheet, the Windows XP steps, the folder that they were Feb 22, 2015 · I have recently tried to install my USB to DMX Converter which is a FT232R USB UART converter. I have installed the driver from the FTDI chip website and this installs fine and windows says it is installed. However when I plug in my converter the driver is not found and it appears with an exclamation mark next to the device in the Device Manager... Sep 28, 2015 · MustBob Created on September 28, 2015 USB to UART driver problem Since upgrading to Win 10 from Win7 I can no longer us a Data Acquisition device that uses a USB to UART controller. Nothing has changed hardware wise. Ran fine before the upgrade and still runs fine on my desktop running Win 7. I have already sent an email to the vendor. 6 Series Evaluation Kits (for example, ML605, SP605 and SP601) as well as 7 Series Evaluation Kits ( KC705, VC707, AC701), UltraScale Evaluation Kits ( KCU105, VCU108, VCU110), and UltraScale+ Evaluation Kits (ZCU102) use a mini-B USB cable to connect the USB UART port on the board to a PC. If the driver for this CP210x USB to UART bridge is ... 6 Series Evaluation Kits (for example, ML605, SP605 and SP601) as well as 7 Series Evaluation Kits ( KC705, VC707, AC701), UltraScale Evaluation Kits ( KCU105, VCU108, VCU110), and UltraScale+ Evaluation Kits (ZCU102) use a mini-B USB cable to connect the USB UART port on the board to a PC. If the driver for this CP210x USB to UART bridge is ... driver for ft232r usb uart windows 10. More Realtek High Definition Audio Driver 6.0.9235.1. REALTEK Semiconductor Corp. - 168.6MB - Freeware - Audio chipsets from Realtek are used in motherboards from many different manufacturers. If you have such a motherboard, you can use the drivers provided by Realtek.This package contains the files needed for installing the USB to UART Bridge VCP driver. If it has been installed, updating (overwrite-installing) may fix problems, add new functions, or expand existing ones. Even though other OSes might be compatible as well, we do not recommend applying this release on platforms other than the ones specified. The PL2303GS is a low cost and high performance USB-to-Serial Bridge Controller. The PL2303GS provides a convenient small-factor solution for connecting an RS232-like full-duplex asynchronous serial device to any USB host. Prolific provides highly compatible drivers that could simulate the traditional COM port on most operating systems allowing ... XR21B1411 Enhanced 1-ch Full-Speed USB UART: 1.2.2: May 2018: 2 MB: Application Notes: AN202, USB UART Board Design Considerations for USB Compliance: June 2021: 647.5 KB: Application Notes: AN-226, Windows Driver Customization for USB UARTs: R00: February 2020: 2.5 MB: Application Notes: AN217, Enumerating the XR21B1411 USB UART by Location in ... Verifone USB UART driver. Go to Device Manager. Double-click on Ports (COM & LPT1).In the following picture you should see the USB Serial Com Port (COM4) under the Ports. This also means that the Device Manager has assigned the adapter to COM4 port.Note: The COM port assignment of the USB to Serial adapter varies on your PC hardware configuration.This package contains the files needed for installing the USB to UART Bridge VCP driver. If it has been installed, updating (overwrite-installing) may fix problems, add new functions, or expand...Mar 15, 2011 · PCMCIA/Smartcard controller. This is located under the Security Category on the Drivers and Downloads page. So if the device FT232R USB UART is a Dell device then I would suggest making sure that the chipset driver is installed. If a dial up modem is included with the system I would certianly suggest installing the modem driver. Support. The Pmod USBUART provides a USB to UART cross-conversion through the FTDI FT232R. Users may send data in either direction on the Pmod and receive the converted data in the appropriate format. Note: There are two UART signal pin assignment conventions in use on Digilent products. This product uses the new signal assignment convention.Hence, you must be careful when receiving input signals from the USB-TTL converter. You can send a 3.3v signal from the MCU TX pin to the USB-TTL RX pin and still get the data identified absolutely fine. However, it won't work the other way around without shifting the signal's level. The TX from the USB-TTL can over-drive the MCU's RX ...To update the driver, 1. If you installed it already and having issues, uninstall it using the setup (x64),exe then reboot PC. 2. First, disconnect the blue Cisco USB console cable. Reinstall the Cisco USB console drive using setup (x64).exe from the Windows_64 folder which was extracted from file Cisco_usbconsole_driver_3_1.zip.The MCP2221 is a USB-to-UART/I2C serial converter which enables USB connectivity in applications that have a UART and I2C interfaces. The device reduces external components by integrating the USB termination resistors and the oscillator needed for USB operation. The MCP2221 also has four GP pins providing miscellaneous functionalities (GPIO ... USB Serial Drivers. Before you can use the FT232H as a serial UART you need to make sure the proper serial port drivers are installed. Luckily most operating systems include FTDI's serial UART driver so there typically isn't any installation necessary. Specifically Mac OSX Mavericks or greater have the FTDI serial driver included automatically.A driver for a regular serial UART over USB bridge would normally create a file name of the format "/dev/ttyUSB#", where number is anything from 0 and up. However, the udev naming system may detect certain manufacturer's devices or chipsets, and choose to rename the UART. The end of the communications, where the USB is plugged in, will ...Feb 22, 2015 · I have recently tried to install my USB to DMX Converter which is a FT232R USB UART converter. I have installed the driver from the FTDI chip website and this installs fine and windows says it is installed. However when I plug in my converter the driver is not found and it appears with an exclamation mark next to the device in the Device Manager... Dec 03, 2021 · In case you suspect a counterfeit chip inside, you may also contact Prolific to provide the vendor information. Prolific recommends following vendor cable brands: Product: AP1103 (AP1100) USB Serial Converter. Good Way Technology Co., Ltd. (Taiwan) Contact: Gary Chang. Tel: +886-2-8919-1200 ext. 349. USB to UART Driver for Eagle Firmware Version 2.xxx It is recommended to download them to your “Downloads” folder. Unzip this file using any unzip utility of choice, e.g. Winzip or 7-zip to Downloads\USB to UART Driver for Eagle Firmware Version 2.xxx For the pictures in this instruction sheet, the Windows XP steps, the folder that they were MaxLinear’s Universal Asynchronous Receiver and Transmitter (UART) devices with a USB 2.0 data bus interface are designed for peripheral or inter-system communication and offer up to four UART ports in an ultra-compact package. All of MaxLinear’s USB UART products are designed for reliability in consumer and industrial environments. FT232 USB UART Driver Using Arduino Installation & Troubleshooting system October 5, 2011, 12:05pm #1 Okay, so I finally went in and plugged my new arduino in my computer to find it flashind the message.."Device driver FT232 USB UART Driver not installed successfully" which was a nightmare literally.The PL2303GC is a low cost and high performance USB-to-Serial Bridge Controller. The PL2303GC provides a convenient small-factor solution for connecting an RS232-like full-duplex asynchronous serial device to any USB host. Prolific provides highly compatible drivers that could simulate the traditional COM port on most operating systems allowing the existing applications based on COM port to ... Driver Install¶ USB To Uart 5V/3V3 is used as USB To Serial Port interface.It need to install driver. Windows/Linux¶ Totally compatible with serial application program in computer endpoint Windows operation system. 1)You plug it to computer by USB Port. 2)Wait a minute,you can find it in Device Manager. 3)If you can not find the port,please ... USB to UART Driver for Eagle Firmware Version 2.xxx It is recommended to download them to your “Downloads” folder. Unzip this file using any unzip utility of choice, e.g. Winzip or 7-zip to Downloads\USB to UART Driver for Eagle Firmware Version 2.xxx For the pictures in this instruction sheet, the Windows XP steps, the folder that they were File Name: EXAR-XR21V1412-USB-UART-Drvier_45DF4_WIN_2.4..0_A00.EXE. File Size: 8.31 MB. Format Description: Dell Update Packages (DUP) in Microsoft Windows 32bit format have been designed to run on Microsoft Windows 64bit Operating Systems. Dell Update Packages (DUP) in Microsoft Windows 64bit format will only run on Microsoft Windows 64bit ...Actually, FTDI didn't offer software called FT232R USB UART driver. It just offers VCP (Virtual COM port) drivers that cause the USB device to appear as an additional COM port available to the PC. To some extent, the VCP driver is the FT232R USB UART driver you are finding. To install the FT232R USB UART driver, here are 2 ways for you: Way 1.Nov 12, 2014 · USB Serial Drivers. Before you can use the FT232H as a serial UART you need to make sure the proper serial port drivers are installed. Luckily most operating systems include FTDI's serial UART driver so there typically isn't any installation necessary. Specifically Mac OSX Mavericks or greater have the FTDI serial driver included automatically. The FT230X is a USB to UART interface IC with an optimized pin count for smaller PCB designs. It is fully compliant with USB 2.0 specification, and requires software that ranges from Windows 10, 8/8.1, 7, Vista (both are 32 and 64 bit), Mac OS-X, Linux 3.2, or greater and also with Android. The chip supports USB protocol without any additional ...This link will take you directly to the driver download page. The source of the USB-UART bridge drivers for the CP210x chips is Silicon Labs. This driver is available for a variety of operating systems. Download the one for your operating system and install it. Most likely, you will need to restart your operating system.A driver for a regular serial UART over USB bridge would normally create a file name of the format "/dev/ttyUSB#", where number is anything from 0 and up. However, the udev naming system may detect certain manufacturer's devices or chipsets, and choose to rename the UART. The end of the communications, where the USB is plugged in, will ...Oct 07, 2020 · The FT230X is a USB to UART interface IC with an optimized pin count for smaller PCB designs. It is fully compliant with USB 2.0 specification, and requires software that ranges from Windows 10, 8/8.1, 7, Vista (both are 32 and 64 bit), Mac OS-X, Linux 3.2, or greater and also with Android. The chip supports USB protocol without any additional ... Verifone USB UART driver. Go to Device Manager. Double-click on Ports (COM & LPT1).In the following picture you should see the USB Serial Com Port (COM4) under the Ports. This also means that the Device Manager has assigned the adapter to COM4 port.Note: The COM port assignment of the USB to Serial adapter varies on your PC hardware configuration.Cannot Install Ft232r Usb Uart Driver Step 2: You first need to uninstall the incorrect drivers on your computer. In Windows, go to Control Panel then to Device Manager Now press the delete button on your computer and it will ask for confirmation. Collapse the Ports menu and now click on the USB controller at the bottom of the list.Install the USB-UART driver By visiting esp32.net/usb-uart/ discover which USB-UART bridge chip is used in your ESP32 development board. Mine uses CP2102. Having the model number, find the proper driver for your operating system. Visit Silicon Labs website in order to do that. Download the driver for your operating system and install it.DALY USB to UART driver. Thread starter BajanAlan; Start date Aug 23, 2021; B. BajanAlan New Member. Joined Aug 22, 2021 Messages 5. ... Is the Overkill UART USB module compatible with the JBD 200a BMS UART Port? OTRwSolar; Mar 10, 2022; BMS (Battery Managment Systems) Replies 1 Views 383. Mar 11, 2022.Adafruit Industries, Unique & fun DIY electronics and kits USB to TTL Serial Cable - Debug / Console Cable for Raspberry Pi : ID 954 - The cable is easiest way ever to connect to your microcontroller/Raspberry Pi/WiFi router serial console port. Inside the big USB plug is a USB<->Serial conversion chip and at the end of the 36" cable are four wire - red power, black ground, white RX into USB ...The PL2303GC is a low cost and high performance USB-to-Serial Bridge Controller. The PL2303GC provides a convenient small-factor solution for connecting an RS232-like full-duplex asynchronous serial device to any USB host. Prolific provides highly compatible drivers that could simulate the traditional COM port on most operating systems allowing the existing applications based on COM port to ... Option 1: Download and install the FT232R USB UART driver manually FTDI keeps updating drivers. To get them, you need to go to the official FTDI website, find the drivers corresponding with your specific flavor of Windows version (for example, Windows 64 bit) and download the driver manually.Oct 09, 2020 · Cp210x usb to uart connection vcp drivers it is definitely the important component of our poIolu usb-to-seriaI adapter. This attaches a pc beds usb slot to the evaluation table and appears like a uárt to the computer. This will help if you set up an wrong or mismatched car owner. Open the gadget manager, now the device will be detailed in some ... Usb Uart Controller Driver Software - Free Download Usb Uart Controller Driver Usb Uart Controller Driver Software USB Storage Controller v.1.0.0.0 USB Storage Controller is a handy and reliable application designed to enable or disable USB access.Driver Install. USB To Uart 5V/3V3 is used as USB To Serial Port interface.It need to install driver. Windows/Linux. Totally compatible with serial application program in computer endpoint Windows operation system. 1)You plug it to computer by USB Port. 2)Wait a minute,you can find it in Device Manager. Download and open the USB driver. Click Yes when prompted to install the driver. Click Next after installation. Restart the computer. Plug in the C662 cable. Wait for the PC to finish the installation. To see new COM port assignment, open Device Manager and expand Ports. For 32-bit and 64-bit Windows 10 operating systems. (Multi-language support)Nov 21, 2017 · File Name: EXAR-XR21V1412-USB-UART-Drvier_45DF4_WIN_2.4.0.0_A00.EXE. File Size: 8.31 MB. Format Description: Dell Update Packages (DUP) in Microsoft Windows 32bit format have been designed to run on Microsoft Windows 64bit Operating Systems. Dell Update Packages (DUP) in Microsoft Windows 64bit format will only run on Microsoft Windows 64bit ... MaxLinear’s Universal Asynchronous Receiver and Transmitter (UART) devices with a USB 2.0 data bus interface are designed for peripheral or inter-system communication and offer up to four UART ports in an ultra-compact package. All of MaxLinear’s USB UART products are designed for reliability in consumer and industrial environments. This USB2.0 Full Speed IC offers a compact bridge to basic UART interfaces. The device is a UART, capable of operating up to 3MBaud, with low power consumption (8mA). The FT230X includes the complete FT-X series feature set and enables USB to be added into a system design quickly and easily over a UART interface Key Hardware FeaturesNov 21, 2017 · File Name: EXAR-XR21V1412-USB-UART-Drvier_45DF4_WIN_2.4.0.0_A00.EXE. File Size: 8.31 MB. Format Description: Dell Update Packages (DUP) in Microsoft Windows 32bit format have been designed to run on Microsoft Windows 64bit Operating Systems. Dell Update Packages (DUP) in Microsoft Windows 64bit format will only run on Microsoft Windows 64bit ... 2) Download the Prolific 3.2.0.0 driver file and save it to the work folder. 3.2.0.0 exe 3.2.0.0 zip (32/64 bit) 3) Remove the USB programming cable from your PC. 4) Double-click the file that was saved into the work folder and follow the prompts until it is completely installed.USB Serial Drivers. Before you can use the FT232H as a serial UART you need to make sure the proper serial port drivers are installed. Luckily most operating systems include FTDI's serial UART driver so there typically isn't any installation necessary. Specifically Mac OSX Mavericks or greater have the FTDI serial driver included automatically.Driver Install. USB To Uart 5V/3V3 is used as USB To Serial Port interface.It need to install driver. Windows/Linux. Totally compatible with serial application program in computer endpoint Windows operation system. 1)You plug it to computer by USB Port. 2)Wait a minute,you can find it in Device Manager. UART is the peripheral that sends and received asynchronous serial. This protocol is often also called "RS-232 (C)" or "EIA-232" or "TIA-232" or "COM port", or several other aliases. This is one of the oldest commonly used serial interface protocols, which is why it has so many names.Aug 05, 2019 · Install "Microsoft Certified USB UART Driver" I tried We use cookies and similar technologies (also from third parties) to collect your device and browser information for a better understanding on how you use our online offerings. Microsoft-provided in-box driver ( Usbser.sys) for your communications and CDC control device. In Windows 10, the driver was rewritten using the Kernel-Mode Driver Framework, improving the overall stability of the driver. Improved Plug and Play and power management by the driver. Added power management features such as USB Selective Suspend.FTDI USB Serial Port driver is the software that helps your operating system to communicate with USB Serial Port devices. Recommended Find the best download for your system Please enter your product details to view the latest driver information for your system Fixes & Enhancements - Initial Release. Version 2.12.24, A00 Release date 22 Aug 2017The MCP2221 is a USB-to-UART/I2C serial converter which enables USB connectivity in applications that have a UART and I2C interfaces. The device reduces external components by integrating the USB termination resistors and the oscillator needed for USB operation. The MCP2221 also has four GP pins providing miscellaneous functionalities (GPIO ...Download and open the USB driver. Click Yes when prompted to install the driver. Click Next after installation. Restart the computer. Plug in the C662 cable. Wait for the PC to finish the installation. To see new COM port assignment, open Device Manager and expand Ports. For 32-bit and 64-bit Windows 10 operating systems. (Multi-language support)Nov 21, 2017 · File Name: EXAR-XR21V1412-USB-UART-Drvier_45DF4_WIN_2.4.0.0_A00.EXE. File Size: 8.31 MB. Format Description: Dell Update Packages (DUP) in Microsoft Windows 32bit format have been designed to run on Microsoft Windows 64bit Operating Systems. Dell Update Packages (DUP) in Microsoft Windows 64bit format will only run on Microsoft Windows 64bit ... Sep 07, 2014 · Device Drivers ---> USB Support ---> USB Serial Converter Support ---> <M> USB CP210x family of UART Bridge Controllers <M> USB FTDI Single Port Serial Driver (EXPERIMENTAL) And compile (as root). make ARCH=x86_64 make modules_install ARCH=x86_64 modprobe cp210x modprobe ftdi_sio ### open-zwave open-zwave is needed to allow Z-Wave networks ... FT232R USB UART Driver (FTDI chipset) Windows JUMP TO DOWNLOAD By oemadmin Last Updated Wed, 06/09/2021 This driver is for the FT232RUSB to Serial cable (CSI Part# 17394 - Black Cable ). Support is for Windows XP/Vista/7/8/10 32 & 64 bit.Driver Install¶ USB To Uart 5V/3V3 is used as USB To Serial Port interface.It need to install driver. Windows/Linux¶ Totally compatible with serial application program in computer endpoint Windows operation system. 1)You plug it to computer by USB Port. 2)Wait a minute,you can find it in Device Manager. 3)If you can not find the port,please ... XR21B1411 Enhanced 1-ch Full-Speed USB UART: 1.2.2: May 2018: 2 MB: Application Notes: AN202, USB UART Board Design Considerations for USB Compliance: June 2021: 647.5 KB: Application Notes: AN-226, Windows Driver Customization for USB UARTs: R00: February 2020: 2.5 MB: Application Notes: AN217, Enumerating the XR21B1411 USB UART by Location in ... XR21V1410 USB UART Driver - Driver Download for your Windows System from a verified website. Fast and Secure Driver Download. XR21V1410 USB UART Driver. File Name: xr21v1410-usb-uart-driver.exe Version: 2.0.1 Driver Date: 18 November 2018 File Size: 2,124 KB Rating: 4.85/5 . 1) Choose Operation System:Usb Uart Controller Driver Software - Free Download Usb Uart Controller Driver Usb Uart Controller Driver Software USB Storage Controller v.1.0.0.0 USB Storage Controller is a handy and reliable application designed to enable or disable USB access.Free cp210x vcp driver installer download software at UpdateStar - The CP210x is a single-chip USB to UART bridge that converts data traffic between USB and UART formats. The chip includes a complete USB 2.0 full-speed function controller, bridge control logic and a UART interface with transmit/receive. Download drivers for Award CP210x USB to ... Classic USB Bridges The CP2104 UART to UART Bridge provides a complete plug and play interface solution that includes royalty-free drivers. This USB 2.0 compliant device includes 4 digital I/O pins and is availble in a 4x4 mm QFN24 package. Download USB to UART Bridge VCP Drivers > Buy Now Data Sheet View Kit SPECS TECH DOCS SOFTWARE & TOOLSdriver for ft232r usb uart windows 10. More Realtek High Definition Audio Driver 6.0.9235.1. REALTEK Semiconductor Corp. - 168.6MB - Freeware - Audio chipsets from Realtek are used in motherboards from many different manufacturers. If you have such a motherboard, you can use the drivers provided by Realtek.In order to manually update your driver, follow the steps below (the next steps): 1. Extract the .cab file to a folder of your choice. 2. Go to Device Manager (right click on My Computer, choose Manage and then find Device Manager in the left panel), or right click on Start Menu for Windows 10 and select Device Manager. 3. Download FTDI FT232R USB UART Windows Drivers. This page contains drivers for FT232R USB UART manufactured by FTDI™. Please note we are carefully scanning all the content on our website for viruses and trojans. FTDI FT232R USB UART Driver Download for Windows 10/8/7/XP/Vista Top Manufactuers Epson IBM Canon Xerox Intel Mustek Acer Microsoft Plustek Hewlett Packard (HP) Toshiba SoundBlaster ASUS Samsung ActionTec Sony Electronics FTDI FT232R USB UART Windows Driver Download driver Driver Comments Alert Us Report download troubleFT232R USB UART Driver (FTDI chipset) Windows JUMP TO DOWNLOAD By oemadmin Last Updated Wed, 06/09/2021 This driver is for the FT232RUSB to Serial cable (CSI Part# 17394 - Black Cable ). Support is for Windows XP/Vista/7/8/10 32 & 64 bit.The PL2303GC is a low cost and high performance USB-to-Serial Bridge Controller. The PL2303GC provides a convenient small-factor solution for connecting an RS232-like full-duplex asynchronous serial device to any USB host. Prolific provides highly compatible drivers that could simulate the traditional COM port on most operating systems allowing the existing applications based on COM port to ... Go to the CP210x USB to UART Bridge VCP Drivers page and select the driver for your version of Windows. For Windows 7 and 10 download from the Download VCP link as shown highlighted by a red dot below. CP2102 Driver Download Install CP2102 Driver . Extract the contents of the downloaded zipped driver file and copy the contents to a folder on.- Download the CP210x USB to UART Bridge VCP Drivers for Windows 10 from SiLabs. - Install the drivers - Now go into the Device manager, and search for the Aruba Networks USB to UART Bridge controller under Other Devices - Right-click for properties - From there click 'Update Driver' - Then 'Browse my computer for drivers' (manual select)The CP2104 UART to UART Bridge provides a complete plug and play interface solution that includes royalty-free drivers. This USB 2.0 compliant device includes 4 digital I/O pins and is availble in a 4x4 mm QFN24 package. Download USB to UART Bridge VCP Drivers >. Cp2102 usb to uart bridge controller driver download 64 bit Cp2102 usb to uart bridge controller driver download 64 bit - Driver Download for your Windows System from a verified website. Fast and Secure Driver Download. Cp2102 usb to uart bridge controller driver download 64 bitSep 28, 2015 · MustBob Created on September 28, 2015 USB to UART driver problem Since upgrading to Win 10 from Win7 I can no longer us a Data Acquisition device that uses a USB to UART controller. Nothing has changed hardware wise. Ran fine before the upgrade and still runs fine on my desktop running Win 7. I have already sent an email to the vendor. Oct 11, 2018 · Right-click on ‘FT232R USB UART,’ and left-click ‘Update Driver Software…’. Now choose ‘Browse my computer for driver software’. Left-click ‘Browse,’ and navigate to the location of the extracted files. Choose the extracted folder. There is no need to search any further in the folder. Then left-click ‘OK’. The FT230X is a USB to UART interface IC with an optimized pin count for smaller PCB designs. It is fully compliant with USB 2.0 specification, and requires software that ranges from Windows 10, 8/8.1, 7, Vista (both are 32 and 64 bit), Mac OS-X, Linux 3.2, or greater and also with Android. The chip supports USB protocol without any additional ...Where can I find this driver? Solution 6 Series Evaluation Kits (for example, ML605, SP605 and SP601) as well as 7 Series Evaluation Kits ( KC705, VC707, AC701), UltraScale Evaluation Kits ( KCU105, VCU108, VCU110), and UltraScale+ Evaluation Kits (ZCU102) use a mini-B USB cable to connect the USB UART port on the board to a PC.Mar 26, 2020 · Release Date: NEW 2009 Drivers Version: XP/Vista and 64-Bit OS PL-2303 USB to Serial Bridge (H, HX, X) Installshield Driver Setup Program v3.3.3.114 for Windows Vista and Server 2008 (32-bit and 64-bit) v2.0.5.111 for Windows 2K/XP/2003 (32-bit) for Prolific USB VID_067B&PID_2303 Only. DriverInstaller v20019v2021 Release Date: 2005/8/11 Nov 12, 2014 · USB Serial Drivers. Before you can use the FT232H as a serial UART you need to make sure the proper serial port drivers are installed. Luckily most operating systems include FTDI's serial UART driver so there typically isn't any installation necessary. Specifically Mac OSX Mavericks or greater have the FTDI serial driver included automatically. MaxLinear’s Universal Asynchronous Receiver and Transmitter (UART) devices with a USB 2.0 data bus interface are designed for peripheral or inter-system communication and offer up to four UART ports in an ultra-compact package. All of MaxLinear’s USB UART products are designed for reliability in consumer and industrial environments. driver for ft232r usb uart windows 10. More Realtek High Definition Audio Driver 6.0.9235.1. REALTEK Semiconductor Corp. - 168.6MB - Freeware - Audio chipsets from Realtek are used in motherboards from many different manufacturers. If you have such a motherboard, you can use the drivers provided by Realtek.This package contains the files needed for installing the USB to UART Bridge VCP driver. If it has been installed, updating (overwrite-installing) may fix problems, add new functions, or expand existing ones. Even though other OSes might be compatible as well, we do not recommend applying this release on platforms other than the ones specified. Apr 02, 2018 · Now I'v installed another vivado2016.2 on the Win7 OS.During the installation of vivado,if you click the related option,it would install the JTAG driver. As for the Cypress USB-UART driver for Windows,we can download the driver program on the official website.Now I could do the rest of development in the Win7 OS. Driver Install. USB To Uart 5V/3V3 is used as USB To Serial Port interface.It need to install driver. Windows/Linux. Totally compatible with serial application program in computer endpoint Windows operation system. 1)You plug it to computer by USB Port. 2)Wait a minute,you can find it in Device Manager. The CP210x USB to UART Bridge Virtual COM Port (VCP) drivers are required for device operation as a Virtual COM Port to facilitate host communication with CP210x products. These devices can also interface to a host using the direct access driver.1. Extract the .cab file to a folder of your choice 2. Go to Device Manager (right click on My Computer, choose Manage and then find Device Manager in the left panel), or right click on Start Menu...Driver Install¶ USB To Uart 5V/3V3 is used as USB To Serial Port interface.It need to install driver. Windows/Linux¶ Totally compatible with serial application program in computer endpoint Windows operation system. 1)You plug it to computer by USB Port. 2)Wait a minute,you can find it in Device Manager. 3)If you can not find the port,please ... CH341A is an USB interface chip that can emulate UART communication, standard parallel port, memory parallel port and synchronous serial (I2C, SPI). The chip is manufactured by Chinese company Jiangsu QinHeng Ltd . CH341A is used by some cheap memory programmers. The IC is somehow limited in this configuration, because the programmer makes use ...Free cp210x vcp driver installer download software at UpdateStar - The CP210x is a single-chip USB to UART bridge that converts data traffic between USB and UART formats. The chip includes a complete USB 2.0 full-speed function controller, bridge control logic and a UART interface with transmit/receive. Download drivers for Award CP210x USB to ... Get the latest official Exar XR21V1410 USB UART port (COM/LPT/Serial) drivers for Windows 11, 10, 8.1, 8, 7, Vista, XP PCs. Update drivers with the largest database available.Nov 12, 2014 · USB Serial Drivers. Before you can use the FT232H as a serial UART you need to make sure the proper serial port drivers are installed. Luckily most operating systems include FTDI's serial UART driver so there typically isn't any installation necessary. Specifically Mac OSX Mavericks or greater have the FTDI serial driver included automatically. Option 1: Download and install the FT232R USB UART driver manually FTDI keeps updating drivers. To get them, you need to go to the official FTDI website, find the drivers corresponding with your specific flavor of Windows version (for example, Windows 64 bit) and download the driver manually.Below you can download ft231x usb uart windows 10 driver for Windows. File name: ft231x-usb-uart-win10.exe Version: 1.159 File size: 32599 MB Upload source: original install disk Antivirus software passed: McAfee ver. 1.82 Ft231X Usb Uart Driver Windows 10 (click above to download) Top.- Download the CP210x USB to UART Bridge VCP Drivers for Windows 10 from SiLabs. - Install the drivers - Now go into the Device manager, and search for the Aruba Networks USB to UART Bridge controller under Other Devices - Right-click for properties - From there click 'Update Driver' - Then 'Browse my computer for drivers' (manual select)Option 1: Download and install the FT232R USB UART driver manually FTDI keeps updating drivers. To get them, you need to go to the official FTDI website, find the drivers corresponding with your specific flavor of Windows version (for example, Windows 64 bit) and download the driver manually. puremedias commentairesgod of war 2 4kwho are the msnbc weekend anchorshipster briefs vs classic briefs X_1